Lecture by Prof. Yamir Moreno, Head of the Complex Systems and Networks Lab and Deputy Director of the Institute for Bio-computation and Physics of Complex Systems – University of Zaragoza
One of the most elusive scientific challenges for over 150 years has been to explain why cooperation survives despite being a seemingly inferior strategy from an evolutionary point of view. Over the years, various theoretical scenarios aimed at solving the evolutionary puzzle of cooperation have been proposed, eventually identifying, several cooperation-promoting mechanisms: kin selection, direct reciprocity, indirect reciprocity, network reciprocity, and group selection. In this talk, we discuss the previous mechanisms and present theoretical and experimental results aimed at answering the long-standing puzzle of how cooperation arises and evolves. By comparing experiments with theory, we sometimes rule out some of the theoretical hypotheses and others propose new mechanisms so far less explored. We conclude by discussing what kind of questions remain and possible ways to tackle them.
Prof. Yamir Moreno is the head of the Complex Systems and Networks Lab and Deputy Director of the Institute for Bio-computation and Physics of Complex Systems at the University of Zaragoza, where he is also affiliated to the Department of Theoretical Physics. He is President of the Complex Systems Society and of the Network Science Society, a member of the Future and Emerging Technology Advisory Group of the H2020 EU Program, and he is in the Advisory Board of the WHO Collaborative Center “Complexity Sciences for Health Systems”. He is also a Fellow of the ISI Foundation in Turin, Italy, and of the Complexity Science Hub in Vienna, Austria. During the last years, he has been working on several problems such as: the study of nonlinear dynamical systems coupled to complex structures, transport processes and diffusion with applications in communication and technological networks, dynamics of virus and rumors propagation, game theory, systems biology, synchronization phenomena, the emergence of collective behaviors in biological and social environments. He has published more than 150 scientific papers in international refereed journals and his works have collected more than 13200 citations (h=47) according to ISI WoK. At present, he is a Divisional Associate Editor of Physical Review Letters, a member of the Editorial Boards of Scientific Reports, and Applied Network Science, Editor of the Journal of Complex Networks, and Academic Editor of PLoS ONE.